TE MARU O HINEMIHI

Image by Crystal Te Moananui-Squares, Mana Moana | Mana Wahine, 2019.

Image by Crystal Te Moananui-Squares, Mana Moana | Mana Wahine, 2019.

 

Hinemihi, the ancestress and namesake of the Ngäti Hinemihi hapü (sub-tribe), lived around mid-1500.

She was a woman of great mana (authority and prestige) partly inherited from her whakapapa descent lines, which traced back to Ngatoroirangi through her grandfather Tarawhai and to Tama te kapua through her grandmother Rangimaikuku. Both Tama te kapua and Ngatoroirangi were prominent ancestors who commanded the Te Arawa waka (Te Arawa canoe) on its journey from Hawaiiki (traditional homeland) to Aotearoa (New Zealand). Her mana and respect were also attributed to the fact that she had a kaitiaki (guardian spirit) Kataore.

Te Maru o Hinemihi is project group formed with the sole purpose of setting the agenda for the restoration and ongoing use of the Maori whare/meeting house named after Hinemihi. Hinemihi has lived here in England in the open air for the last 120 years. The komiti/committee was formed in 2012 including members of Ngati Hinemihi from Aotearoa-New Zealand, the London-based Maori community (representatives from Ngati Ranana London Maori Club and Kohanga Reo language nest), University of London School of Archeology plus architects, conservators and others.

Contributors: S Callaghan; Te Maru o Hinemihi, Te Whanau a Apanui, Ngati Kahungungu, A Hoete; WHAT Architecture, Te Maru o Hinemihi, Patuwai R O’Callaghan; Te Maru o Hinemihi, Tuhourangi Te Arawa, A Waretini; Tuhourangi Te Arawa, MARU Creations, Vaike whanau; Te Kohanga Reo o Ranana, Beats of Polynesia, M Tapiata-Thompson; Ngati Hinemihi Te Arawa, Nga Kohinga Whakairo o Hinemihi, Te Maru o Hinemihi, Te Kohanga Reo o Ranana


4a: Hinemihi / Tene Waitere - a copy of the original tekoteko/koruru the maihi, mixed media, Dimensions variable, 2019. Hinemihi Whare Tupuna was originally carved and constructed in the North Island settlement of Te Wairoa (near Rotorua) in 1881 and following the eruption of Mt. Tarawera in June 1886 was purchased by the Earl of Onslow, Governor of New Zealand 1889-1892. Onslow shipped Hinemihi back to England and rebuilt her in the grounds of his country seat at Clandon Park, Surrey where she has stood in the open air for over 120 years. Clandon Park has been owned and operated by the National Trust since 1956. The Trust is a UK conservation charity which protects historic places and green spaces and opens them to members and the public at large.

4b: Ma’ine O Te Ao Hou, wood, photographs, paint, raffia; dimensions variable, 2019. Ma’ine O Te Ao Hou is a tribute to Hinemihi and marks the significance she holds for people across the Pacific. She is named after her tupuna and Whaea, Hinemihi O Te Ao Tawhito. Ma’ine means a young maiden/girl. She carries some of her Whaeas markings, some of the markings of her tupuna from the other side, Mangaian and some of her own. She is what Hinemihi feels to me – here for everyone, ahakoa no hea. No matter where we are all from, she is here for us. So Ma’ine carries that. She is the kotiro, the next down from Hinemihi for me and perfectly in place next to her Whaea and in a place that is filled with the power, magic and wairua that is Mana Wahine.

4c: Tukutuku panel, Mixed media, 900mm x 1500mm, 2012. In 2012 the National Trust commissioned a series of tukutuku panels to be created for the planned restoration work. The weaver Cathy Schuster came from Aotearoa specifically to run the 3 workshops. This panel survived because it was incomplete so not returned to Clandon House with the other panels, which were destroyed by the fire. Shown alongside is the weaving pattern/template.

4d: Modern woven interpretation of Tukutuku panel, mixed media, 750mm x 900mm, 2019. The weaver Ataraiti Waretini is a Tuhourangi descendent. This tribute to her ancestress is a contemporary adaptation of the larger tukutuku panel.

For more information on Te Maru o Hinemihi please visit: http://www.hinemihi.co.uk/index.php